How to Learn Chinese efficiently

Almost all of us have an interest in language. Naturally, when we see someone learning a new language or seeing a foreign language skill, we naturally have a kind of envy.

There is a saying in the rural language, ‘fix the house first, then the outside!’ That is if we cannot manage our house first, it is not possible to handle the outside (society), we can all agree. Since our mother tongue is English, we all have the least skills over English. But even if there is proficiency in a language other than the mother tongue, it is certainly deserving of praise and imitation.

Chinese language:

According to linguists, there are seven or ten languages or dialects in the Chinese language group. In learning Chinese, it is the first task to recognize its signals or letters and to remember them. The work is a bit difficult! However, when the signals are recognized, learning the language is a pleasure, not a pain.

Lots of good answers here, but they are very limited to personal experience. While some will work and some not, the question was “what is the best way to learn Chinese”.

I think that there is not enough emphasis on finding good teaching. Especially teaching methods for understanding the very building blocks of the language, which is the most important place to start. With a confident grasp on the foundations of Mandarin Chinese, learning the language becomes a rewarding and fun experience!

Short Answer:

Find the best method that makes you excited to learn.

Long Answer:

Conventional teaching gives you the study material, that you need to “study” with a mentor. This implies that the student should work hard to understand and memorize the language.

But what if I told you that things should be the other way around. That is the work of the teacher to make you not only understand but also memorize the language. If this sounds crazy to you, it simply demonstrates the failure of our educational system.

A modern teaching method (luckily they do exist!) Will explain the language well enough to give you control over the language, simply by listening to the teaching in a relaxed environment.

The learning happens when you understand the language and can construct completely new sentences by yourself. And when you understand something, you will remember it. I believe this is the best way to make learning Chinese an exciting process.

To summarize:

* Understanding is the responsibility of the teacher

* When you understand something you just remember it

* Real language learning is rewarding right from the beginning

* Everything starts from a confident grasp of the basics of Chinese

I hope this helps take the first step to find your own best way of learning Chinese! It’s a thrilling ride and if you’re not enjoying it, you must be doing something wrong.

Are you immersed? If you really want to learn it fast and you really think it’s worth it for this job, then cut yourself off from other languages. Spend time only with Chinese people who don’t speak English. Force yourself off the English Intertubes. Don’t read anything or watch anything in English or another of your existing languages: Only Chinese radio, Chinese Websites, Chinese television shows, Chinese newspapers, and magazines.

If you’re a structured learner, get in a program that actually makes you work and tests you. Or do whatever has worked before for you pedagogically, and double it, because Chinese really is damned hard.

Development History of 5G

Huawei started early research on the technology in 2009, and in the next few years showed off 5G prototype base stations. Huawei announced on November 6, 2013 that it would invest 600 million us dollars in research and development and innovation of 5G technology before 2018, and predicted that users would enjoy 20Gbps commercial 5G mobile network by 2020.

In February 2013, the European Union announced that it would allocate 50 million euros. Accelerating the development of 5G mobile technology, it plans to introduce a mature standard by 2020.

On May 13, 2013, South Korea’s samsung electronics co., ltd. announced that it has successfully developed the core technology of 5G, which is expected to be commercialized in 2020. The technology can transmit data in the 28GHz ultra-high frequency band at a speed of more than 1Gbps per second, and the longest transmission distance can be up to 2km. In contrast, the current fourth-generation long evolution (4GLTE) service has a transfer rate of only 75Mbps. This transmission bottleneck was previously considered a technical problem, but samsung electronics solved this problem by using adaptive array transmission technology with 64 antenna units. 5G is expected to offer speeds 100 times faster than 4G long-term evolution, or LTE, compared with the current 4G technology in South Korea. With this technology, a high-definition (HD) movie can be downloaded in 10 seconds.

On May 8, 2014, Japanese telecom operator NTTDoCoMo officially announced that it would cooperate with Ericsson, Nokia, Samsung and other six manufacturers to start testing a high-speed 5G network that can exceed the existing 4G network’s capacity of 1000 times of the network, and the transmission speed is expected to be increased to 10Gbps. Outdoor testing is expected to begin in 2015 and operations are expected to begin in 2020.

On March 1, 2015, the daily mail reported that the UK has successfully developed 5G network and conducted data transmission test within 100 meters. The data transmission per second is up to 125GB, 65,000 times of 4G network. Theoretically, 30 films can be downloaded in one second.

On March 3, 2015, the European commissioner for digital economy and society, Mr Gozer? Oettinger formally unveiled the eu’s vision for 5G companies to ensure Europe’s voice in global standards for next-generation mobile technology. Oettinger said the public-private partnership vision for 5G involves not only the integration of optical fiber, wireless and even satellite communications networks, but also technologies such as software defined network (SDN), network function virtualization (NFV), mobile edge computing (MEC) and FogComputing. In the spectrum area, the eu’s 5G public-private partnership vision will also designate hundreds of megahertz to improve network performance, with 60GHz and higher frequencies also being considered.

The European Union’s 5G network will be put into operation between 2020 and 2025.

On September 7, 2015, us mobile operator Verizon wireless announced that it would start trials of 5G network in 2016 and put it into full commercial use in some us cities in 2017.

In the third world Internet conference held in wuzhen in November 2016, the 5G technology prototype brought by qualcomm to realize the “Internet of everything” was selected into 15 “black technologies” — the world’s leading achievements in Internet. Qualcomm 5G advances towards gigabit mobile network and artificial intelligence [2].

In March 2016, Chen zhaoxiong, vice minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China, said that 5G is the main direction of the development of the new generation of mobile communication technology and an important part of the new generation of information infrastructure in the future. Compared with 4G, it will not only further improve users’ network experience, but also meet the application requirements of the Internet of everything in the future. The research and development test of 5G technology in China will be carried out in 2016-2018, including 5G key technology test, 5G technology scheme verification and 5G system verification.

From the perspective of user experience, 5G has higher speed and wider bandwidth. It is expected that the speed of 5G network will be about 10 times higher than that of 4G. It only takes a few seconds to download a high-definition movie, which can meet consumers’ demand for higher network experience such as virtual reality and ultra-hd video.

From the perspective of industrial application, 5G has higher reliability and lower time delay, which can meet the specific needs of intelligent manufacturing, autonomous driving and other industrial applications, expand the development space of the integrated industry, and support the innovative development of the economy and society.

From the perspective of development trend, 5G is still in the research stage of technical standards. In the next few years, 4G will maintain its dominant position and realize sustained high-speed development. But 5G is expected to be ready for commercial use by 2020.

On February 9, 2017, 3GPP announced the official Logo of “5G”.

Patents: A Tool for Technological Intelligence

Patents are the largest source of technological information. Patent are given to the inventor as a reward for its innovation in the form of the exclusive right of the monopoly for a period of 20 years from the priority date of the invention. Due to advancement in the IT sector and internet, now these valuable documents are in the reach of the general public. Any person skilled in the art can go through various patent databases and after a search can get the patent document of their need. There are different patent databases viz, USPTO, EPO, JPO, etc freely open for the public access. If we go through the patents related to a specific technological area, we will be able to find the lots of information about the life cycle of the technological innovation viz.,

o evolutionary path of a specific technology,

o technological development,

o technological diversification,

o technology merges,

o major players in specific technological area,

o key points of the specific technology,

“The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) revealed that 90% to 95% of all the world’s inventions can be found in patented documents.”

Patent analysis can reveals very valuable informations, which is not available anywhere. After patent search the crucial part is the patent analysis, and one have to be very concise about their objective of the study. The information in the patent documents can be utilized in different form according to the need and mapped accordingly to get the picture of the entire analysis in snapshots.

Patent data can be used for the preparation of technological landscapes. Logistic mathematics and circle mathematics can be very useful in the plotting of the technological landscape. It can reveal the evolutionary trend of a technology, how it is evolved from a basic technology, along with the period of the technological diversification and its nature. These maps will also give the detailed overview of the merging of the different technologies to give rise to break-through technologies. These types of maps will be very useful for the R&D personals to evaluate the position of their research and technology, and also they will find way to more innovate more advanced and valuable technology.